Chapter 10: States of Matter

Kinetic-Molecular Theory

Description of basis of the kinetic-molecular theory, and how the theory helps explain the gas laws.

http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch4/kinetic4.html

http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch4/kinetic4.html

(Main Idea: The kinetic-molecular theory explains the constant motion of gas particles.)

Kinetic Molecular Theory – the basic concepts of the theory, as well as animated examples of the behavior of molecules in a gas.

http://www.chm.davidson.edu/vce/kineticmoleculartheory/basicconcepts.html

(Main Idea: The kinetic-molecular theory explains the constant motion of gas particles.)

States and Properties of Matter

States of Matter – view the particles in neon, argon, oxygen, and water through solid, liquid, and gas phases, and watch the effect of pressure and temperature changes on the phase of different substances.

http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/states-of-matter

(Main Idea: Substances in equilibrium change back and forth between states at equal speeds.)

States of Matter – comparison of the qualities of solids, liquids, and gases, including compressibility, density, and shape.

http://www.wisc-online.com/Objects/ViewObject.aspx?ID=GCH4804

(Main Idea: The intermolecular forces of liquids determine their properties; The particles in a solid hold relatively fixed positions; The kinetic-molecular theory explains the physical properties of gases.)

The Solid State – tutorial on the types of solids and their properties.

http://www.wisc-online.com/Objects/ViewObject.aspx?ID=GCH6904

(Main Idea: The intermolecular forces of liquids determine their properties; The particles in a solid hold relatively fixed positions; Crystal particles are arranged in a 3-dimensional lattice; The particles in amorphous solids are not arranged in a regular pattern.)

Changes of State

State Changes – discussion of changes in phase or state that occur along with a change in heat.

http://zonalandeducation.com/mstm/physics/mechanics/energy/heatAndTemperature/changesOfPhase/changeOfState.html

http://zonalandeducation.com/mstm/physics/mechanics/energy/heatAndTemperature/changesOfPhase/changeOfState.html

(Main Idea: Substances in equilibrium change back and forth between states at equal speeds.)

Water

Water – discussion of the properties and behavior of water, including simulations of hydrogen bonding.

http://www.visionlearning.com/library/module_viewer.php?mid=57&l

http://www.visionlearning.com/library/module_viewer.php?mid=57&l

(Main Idea: The properties of water in all phases are determined by its structure.)